Celebrating Ulster's Townlands
Gortin, Co. Tyrone: NITB
much greater tree cover of early Ireland is very apparent from the
place-names and many different varieties are mentioned, from the Early
Irish “chieftain trees” of oak, ash and yew to shrubs like
blackberry and gorse.
Alder fearn Mullafernaghan “hill of the aldery place”, Co. Down; Tulnavern, Cloughfern “stone of the alder" Co. Antrim; Fernaghandrum “ridge of alders”, Tyrone.
Apple abhall “apple” Magherally “plain of apple trees” Co. Down, Derrylisnahavil “oakwood of the fort of apple trees” Co. Armagh. Rossnowlagh “headland of the apple trees” Co.Donegal.
Ash fuinse “ash” Unshinagh Tyr “place of ash trees”, Annahunshigo “marsh of the ash trees” Co.Down. Drumnahuncheon “ridge of the ash” Co. Armagh.
Birch beithe Beagh “place of birches”, Aghaveagh “field of the birch”.
sloe” Knockadreen “hill
of blackthorn”, airne
Knockarney, Lisnaharney Tyrone, “hill, fort of the sloe”.
“elder” as in Trummery Co.
Down, Tremoge Tyr. “elder place”; the older name of Bessie Bell mountain in Tyrone: SlieveTroim “mountain of
the elder tree”.
“plain of the elm-wood” Tyrone, Lammey,
Tullylammy Ferm “place of elms”;
Gorse, Whin aitinn: Knocknahatten “hill of the gorse”.
Hill Co. Down. The Scots term whin rather than gorse is almost
universal in Ulster.
Gortnaskeagh, Aughnaskeagh, “field
of the thorn”, Skegoneil
“the earl’s thornbush” Co. Antrim, Skegatillida
“thorn of the snail” Co. Fermanagh.
cuilionn “holly” Kinnegillion,
“headland of the holly” Tyrone, Cullentra
eidhean Killaney Co. Down “ivy church” (probably ruined when so named);
Juniper: Sanaghanroe locally
Savanaghanroe: “red place of wild
juniper” Tyrone (the local pronunciation keeps a syllable
lost in the spelling.)
element Derry is from doire “oakwood”
as in London-derry, Ballinderry,
Derrydrummuck “oakwood of
the ridge of pigs” Co. Down. The individual tree name occurs in Aghnadarragh “field
of the oak”.
Rowan caorthainn “rowan” Cavanakeerin “hill of the rowan” Tyrone, Carnkirn, “cairn of the rowan” Co. Antrim (where the cairn was known as the “Rowantree cairn”) ; Kernan “place of rowans” Co. Down.
willows” Tyrone, Drumsillagh
Co. Down, Mullasilloga
Tyrone, “hill of willows”, Coolsallagh
Co. Down “corner of willows”
“yew” Newry “place of
yews”, Mullynure “summit
of the yew tree”, Killinure
“wood of the yew tree”, Tattinure
“Tate of the yew tree” Tyrone,
Ahoghill eochaill “field of the yew wood” use a different word, as in Youghal,
Ash at Inch Abbey, Lecale Co.Down: MH, EHS
Birch at the bridge of Sruhananassa, Doochary, Co. Donegal: KM
Hawthorn in the Antrim glens: MH, EHS
Willow shrubs and heather
Holly in Co. Donegal